This dress optimises Ian’s playful use of multi coloured flowers and texture. A very flattering shape with asymmetric waist and draping.
A matching veil is available with this style.
I know plenty of brides-to-be get excited about colour schemes and attention to detail – as do I, of course!
These are the types who might be considering a wedding cake to match their bridal gown. (It’s ALL about the detail when it comes to planning the big day.)
The growing demand for dress-inspired cakes was one of the themes of this year’s Cake International – the world’s biggest sugarcraft exhibition.
The annual, three-day event at Birmingham’s NEC hosted a sumptuous array of spectacular wedding cakes, all inspired by my dresses. I was incredibly flattered to be chosen as the featured designer.
Forty cake artists from around the world were handpicked to collaborate on the weddings feature named after ‘The Posh Frock Shop’. (For those of you who didn’t see it, this was Channel 4’s 25-part series about my flagship London store, The Blewcoat).
Cakes were transported from across the UK and as far afield as South Africa and Australia.
There were sugarcrafted interpretations of my Bridal and Occasion Wear gowns, intricate floral displays and recreated scenes from ‘The Posh Frock Shop’. (Who could forget the dog bride who had a £20k wedding?!)
There was even a life-sized, chocolate version of me, which was surreal to say the least.
The idea for the feature came from Mish Pattinson of VS Cakes who believed that my flamboyant styling and use of colour would transpose into stunning wedding cakes. And she was absolutely right; the end result way surpassed all of my expectations.
Mish brought together a team of international cake artists, many of whom came to spend the day with us at The Blewcoat to get ideas and inspiration. Each of them chose a different gown to theme their cake on.
I still can’t get my head round how these delicate, sugarcrafted creations were transported from as far as Sydney. This wonderful, warm-hearted and super-talented team somehow made it happen.
I travelled to Birmingham to meet them in person and was staggered by the time and talent that went into these awe-inspiring cakes. You would not believe the detail!
The feature showed how couples can colour co-ordinate every last detail of their nuptials, including the all important cake. It seems that plain white wedding cakes in Royal icing are a thing of the past.
I always say that seeing Flowerbomb on display at the V&A in London was one of the highpoints of my career. Seeing sugar versions of my designs is now up there too.
We had such a fun, memorable day at Cake International and I was both flattered and humbled by the display. Hats off to all the artists involved.
On my rare days off, I love to unwind by watching classic films and musicals. In the 1961 movie version of West Side Story, the character Maria sings ‘I Feel Pretty!’ while prancing about with pastel coloured tulle. I saw this and knew instantly that it would be the name of my next bridalwear collection.
The bridal market has grown hugely since I started out. There are almost too many labels for brides to choose from, particularly now that the High Street has entered the market. Some bridalwear collections include a vast array of dresses – often variations on a similar theme – so I made a conscious effort to counter this trend with ‘I Feel Pretty!’
Taking Broadway musicals as my inspiration, this 2020 collection is a showstopper that really captures the essence and theatre of my signature styling. Expect luxurious fabrics, an array of pretty colours and exquisite detailing crafted from caviar pearl beading, deco inspired sequins, shredded tulle textures and sea shells embroidery.
I originally sketched up at least 45 designs, but these have been edited down to just 24 pieces. Each dress is completely unique and has its own reason for being included. There’s a marked contrast between the daringly dark mauve gown, the pale grey, strapless dress embellished with oversized roses and the slinky, beaded number that has a 1920s Flapper vibe. All so different and memorable in their own way.
As always, I’ve tried to cover all bases with a design for every possible wedding scenario, whether it’s a beach, registry office, cathedral or country castle. There are romantic ball gowns with a twist, cute tea length dresses, SJP-inspired frills and more understated, slim-fitting gowns. Traditional this is not!
The collection was unveiled for the first time at London Bridal Fashion Week which gave me a good feel for how it is going to be received. It’s reassuring when buyers tell me that the designs stand apart but are so obviously identifiable as mine. The response was brilliant and Ian Stuart stockists have already placed their orders ready for next year’s brides.
Many of the ‘I Feel Pretty!’ gowns have detachable elements such as sleeves, jackets and trains, creating two looks from day into evening. Matching veils have also been specifically designed to complete the perfect look. Custom changes are available, as well as plus sizes and made-to-measure.
This collection will hit the stores from October and I can’t wait to hear what you think. 2020 brides are going to be spoilt for choice!
As owner of the largest bridalwear shop in Cheshire, Emma Kendrick was spoilt for choice when it came to planning her own wedding.
Originally from Yorkshire, she has since settled in the North West, close to where her now-husband Jeff grew up. They were together 10 years (after meeting on a pub crawl in their student days) before getting hitched in her parents’ local church, followed by a glamourous Black-Tie reception at Rudding Park Hotel near Harrogate.
Disenchanted with her former career as a solicitor, Emma turned her back on commercial law in 2015 and bought an established bridal shop in Macclesfield. She was already running a wedding and events business part-time and this convinced her to take the plunge.
Since taking over as sole director at Maria Modes, Emma has significantly expanded the business, which now offers eveningwear and menswear alongside the extensive bridal collections. The shop’s three floors make it more department store than bridal boutique.
One of her early decisions was to introduce Ian Stuart as one of the designer ranges to give brides a higher end, more luxurious option: “You only have to look at the Ian Stuart section of our shop to see that there is a lot more colour, a lot more detail and effort gone into the dresses. And obviously the price reflects that. You definitely get what you pay for,” says Emma.
Ian’s designs are so distinctive that it is not uncommon for women to visit Maria Modes specifically to try on his gowns. “These are women who want non-traditional and perhaps something with colour,” according to Emma. “There are also brides who come with an open mind and end up falling in love with Ian’s designs, purely because they are so different.”
Brides often know instantly that they have found ‘The One’ – that just wasn’t how it happened for Emma. There was no heart-stopping moment, nor did she set her mind on any one designer, despite all her industry contacts.
She buys around 80 wedding dresses a year and stocks 200 styles in her store, which enabled Emma to take a rational approach by trying on lots of styles by different designers.
But as it turned out, Emma and Jeff’s wedding became an Ian Stuart affair, with bride, Mother of the Bride and bridesmaids all wearing his designs.
Emma had attended one of his fashion shows in her capacity as a buyer and the finale dress made a lasting impression. Mont Blanc was not yet on sale at Maria Modes so Emma and her mum travelled to Ian’s flagship London store a few months later.
Once at The Blewcoat, Emma tried on several dresses, but it was Mont Blanc that resonated most and was best suited to the Black-Tie dress code. Her technical knowledge also helped her to make an informed choice: “Ian is well known for using heavy, metallic fabric. I knew that the weight of the ruffles on Mont Blanc would keep them stiff and looking perfect all day. Some fabric can flatten, bunch up or crease and I didn’t want to have that worry.”
Ian was on hand to advise and suggested some alterations to suit Emma’s body shape. The waist was dropped and an internal corset fitted. Although relatively minor changes, it meant that Emma’s version of Mont Blanc was completely unique to her.
As an Ian Stuart stockist, Emma is appreciative of this willingness to adapt designs to suit the individual: “Ian is always game for customisation and will happily sketch up different ideas on request – for example changing the style of skirt or adding shoulder straps to a dress.”
Brides are usually guided through the alteration and fittings process by the boutique they purchase their dress from, most of which have their own “in house” seamstress. Ian will still approve the changes to ensure the end result is nothing short of perfect. This gives Emma absolute confidence that Maria Modes customers will get exactly what they want with an Ian Stuart gown.
While at The Blewcoat, Emma spotted a sequinned evening gown in burnished silver which is exactly the look she wanted for her bridesmaids. They all wore matching versions with cowl neckline and thin shoulder straps.
Meanwhile, Emma’s mum Rachael had her eye on Ian’s Occasion Wear collections and came away with not one, but two, Mother of the Bride outfits.
The Blewcoat team customised a hat to tie in with Rachael’s first choice and then re-customised it when, at the next appointment, she saw a dress that she loved even more! The original choice has not been wasted as Rachael has since worn it to several dressy occasions, including the races.
Being an industry insider may mean that Emma didn’t get overly emotional about buying her wedding dress, but she readily acknowledges that her Blewcoat shopping experience was special. Her professional experience means she understands how important it is for women to feel relaxed and at ease while trying on dresses.
The privacy afforded by personalised appointments at The Blewcoat is something Emma strives hard to emulate in her own shop. There are three distinct areas of Maria Modes (bridal, menswear and eveningwear) and the changing rooms are deliberately situated as far apart as possible.
Eighteen months on from the wedding, Emma still feels that Mont Blanc was the right choice for her (even though it was not what Jeff was expecting to see her in!) “I usually go for fitted dresses so he was very surprised, but definitely in a good way. He was so happy that I went for something big and extra special. The whole experience was just perfect.”
Images by Lawson Photography.
This dress optimises Ian’s playful use of multi coloured flowers and texture. A very flattering shape with asymmetric waist and draping.
A matching veil is available with this style.
While at university, Caitlin took a summer job at the Edinburgh Fringe festival but could never have foreseen that she would meet her future husband there.
Fellow student John was also tasked with tearing tickets on the door at The Assembly Rooms in Edinburgh. Fast forward a decade and this is the venue they chose for their wedding – it couldn’t be anywhere else under the circumstances!
The bride looked exquisite in Savanna by Ian Stuart. The tulle and lace ball gown has a mystical, enchanting quality with its sequinned under-layer that subtly glistens in the light. The romance of it appealed to Caitlin and the colour combination of Gold and Oyster perfectly complemented her pale complexion and hair colour.
Interestingly, this was not the dress that Caitlin had set her heart on. Having seen Ian’s Le Jardin dress in magazines, the excited bride-to-be was drawn to its pastel colours and was convinced that it was the one for her.
Le Jardin was the first dress Caitlin tried on when she visited The Blewcoat and she loved it as much as she thought she would, believing that she had found her dream dress.
Ian was insistent that she could not make such a big decision without at least trying on a few more dresses. Caitlin was happy to oblige and to her complete amazement, the second dress was even more perfect.
“I could not imagine loving any dress more than I did that first one, so when I walked out of the changing room for the second time, I cried. And that was it, I’d found it. There was no reason to go to the appointments I had booked at other shops.”
The future Mrs Robertson was blown away by the whole Blewcoat experience because Ian’s designs were all so well suited to her. “I would honestly have been happy to choose any one of the five dresses I tried on, but it was Savanna that I had the biggest emotional reaction to,” she says.
Caitlin is self-conscious about her shoulders and the backs of her arms so Ian showed her how the dress could be customised with some gold-coloured tulle around her shoulders. This was intended to be a detachable element, but Caitlin knew she would not want to take it off so it was sewn in as part of her dress.
What Caitlin valued most about her Ian Stuart experience was that she had a personalised appointment with his undivided attention. She’d previously been to two other bridal boutiques in London. On both occasions, she was there with another bride which she found unnerving and distracting: “It’s only natural that you feel self-conscious around strangers when you’re trying on different dress styles and figuring out what suits you. It wasn’t a great experience for me,” she explains.
Caitlin’s visit to The Blewcoat, accompanied by her mum, was far more of an occasion. She loved everything about it; the building, the flowers, the champagne to calm her nerves and the relaxed intimacy she enjoyed being the only bride there.
On the wedding day itself, guests were “gobsmacked” by the dress, according to Caitlin. “It wasn’t conventional, it wasn’t white and it wasn’t what they were expecting. But it was classic, stunning and very me.”
John was equally surprised: “I think he had pictured me in something completely different, although admittedly, his knowledge about wedding dresses is limited! I know he absolutely loved it. He was way more teary than I was!”
The corsetry inside the dress and its boned bodice enhanced Caitlin’s shape and posture. Guests commented on how slim she looked which meant that she didn’t have any concerns about unflattering camera angles.
“I felt completely comfortable and at ease in my dress. As soon as I saw all my friends and family, the nerves went and I could totally relax and enjoy myself. We had a traditional ceilidh so the layers of the dress looking amazing as I was swirling around.”
Caitlin’s favourite part of the day was the ceremony itself: “It was very personal to us. It felt like we managed to tell our story as well as looking forward to our future.”
Images by Elemental Photography.
Bringing out a new collection is such a lengthy process that it seems like an age since I actually designed this season’s bridalwear. It’s wonderful to see Folie Frocks finally available at Ian Stuart stockists nationwide – and of course at our very own Blewcoat store.
There is no theme as such. We just made a conscious decision that this collection would only include pieces that carry my signature styling and scream Ian Stuart loud and clear!
They are structured, high fashion gowns that create a dramatic silhouette – a strong contrast to my last bridal collection, Le Jardin, which is more dreamy and romantic.
I’m always asked what the inspiration was for any given collection and on this occasion I can honestly say it was the real brides that I meet at The Blewcoat. I love chatting to them face-to-face to understand what they dream of for their big day and it was such an honour to be recognised for Best In-Store Design at this year’s bridal Bridal Buyer Awards.
The current trend is for ethereal, boho-style wedding dresses so I like the idea that Folie Frocks is a sassier, more glamourous option for brides who want an alternative to the vintage look. This new collection offers a wonderful palate of colour options, luxurious fabrics and as always, the potential for each gown to be customised to the individual.
Folie Frocks has options for brides that are marrying in a cathedral, on a beach, in a town hall or at a woodland festival. I have to bear in mind that we have brides who are in the 60s getting married for the first time. Not everyone wants a Cinderella ball gown which is why diversity is so crucial.
When we first released images from the Folie Frocks photoshoot, the reaction was amazing (particularly to the more dramatic dresses like Flamingo Flair, which is the one that looks like it’s covered in feathers!) It means we can all breathe a sigh of relief after months of hard graft. I sincerely hope that the reaction to Licence to Frill, my lastest Occasion Wear collection, is just as encouraging.
I hope you enjoy the Folie Frocks gowns, whether or not you are getting married!
Alex and Toby’s wedding photographs caught our attention because the style of Alex’s bridal gown was so perfectly suited to the venue. The dress is unmistakably Ian Stuart, so we wanted to know more about how and why it made such a statement on the day. Alex generously agreed to tell us more…..
Set amid 250 acres, Buxted Park is a beautiful Palladian country house in East Sussex (think grand staircases, high ceilings, wide terraces and Venetian-style columns). The building dates from 1722 and is undeniably grand. Having driven past it by chance, Alex knew that the style and location would work perfectly for the wedding.
But she also knew that her dress could easily be overshadowed by such an imposing setting. “The current trend is for boho or slinky, ethereal dresses and I just knew that wasn’t going to work for my figure, or for the venue,” says Alex.
She was honest enough to admit that, despite being massively excited about the idea of marrying Toby, she had gained weight since meeting him and was therefore not thrilled about the idea of trying on wedding dresses, or being the centre of attention on the day.
Women are supposed to have this magical experience of shopping for THE dress and yet the reality is often very different because there is such enormous pressure to look their absolute best on their wedding day. Alex looks every inch the radiant bride in the photographs, so it was a surprise to hear that she found the whole thing quite daunting – until of course, she found the perfect dress.
Alex recruited her mother and two close friends to go shopping with; one of whom was to be her Maid of Honour, the other a close male friend (who just happens to be a wedding planner – more about that later).
Although she didn’t set out to buy Ian Stuart, Alex does recall that in her younger days, her and her friends would look at his website and daydream about their future weddings! Alex says she has always been drawn to Ian’s flamboyant, theatrical elements, his attention to detail and the quality of the fabric with its sparkly embellishments.
Alex worked as cabin crew for 12 years and despite those early aspirations for a dream wedding, it wasn’t until she changed career that she met the dream husband. On her first day working for a new homes developer, she ran into site manager Toby who had a “cheeky twinkle in his eye” that attracted her immediately. Although it took him a few months to ask her out for dinner, they were engaged within the year.
Dress shopping was in Tunbridge Wells, with appointments at Pantiles Bride and its sister store, Go Bridal. Conscious of her body shape (she is quite large busted), Alex was nervous about being on show, even in front of such close confidants.
“I wanted a dress that would make me stand out amongst all the grandeur. Some were beautiful but reminded me too much of a 1920s theme, others just looked ridiculous because I am quite top heavy,” Alex explains.
Her doubts were cast aside when Go Bridal stylist Laura suggested she try Ian Stuart’s ‘Frederique’. Everyone instantly knew it was the one and Alex recalls there being an audible gasp when she walked out of the changing room. “You just know when it’s right. I didn’t want to take it off. I loved the metallic feel to the fabric and how it embraced my curves,” she says.
Wedding planner Aidan Flynn was on hand to advise on all aspects of the wedding. He recalls that Alex tried on lots of lovely gowns, but it was only when the Ian Stuart came out that the ‘wow’ factor entered the room. “I could see from Alex’s gleaming smile that it gave her confidence. I loved it too; full of glamour, detail and such an unusual cut,” he remembers.
Glamour became the theme for the wedding and to avoid it being too twee, Aidan came up with the concept of ‘modern glamour’, inspired by the silver tones of the lace. “This fabulous dress opened up so many options for me to style the day and to maximise the décor, confident in the knowledge that Alex would still stand out and take her guests’ breath away,” Aidan says.
When Toby finally got to see his bride at the altar on a particularly hot day back in May, he immediately commented on how much he loved her dress. And that’s all that matters.
Images by @mystyledshoot
What a memorable summer this has been!
The Channel 4 show about my flagship London store finally aired after months of nervousness about how it would be received. And just to add a bit more pressure, we had two days of catwalk shows to launch my latest Occasion Wear collection, Licence to Frill! Not to mention the photoshoot we had to organise for Folie Frocks, which is next year’s bridal collection.
I’m extremely happy (and relieved) that the response to The Posh Frock Shop has been so overwhelmingly positive. Up to a million viewers tuned in each weekday to see what goes on behind the scenes at The Blewcoat (the most common complaint being that the half hour show wasn’t long enough!)
There were so many memorable, funny, tear-jerking moments and I’m really proud of how our small team coped with the pressure of filming on top of running the business as usual. It was stressful at times, but also a lot of fun.
We are used to people getting their kit off at The Blewcoat, but burlesque dancer Miss Strawberry Moon took it to a whole new level! And who could ever forget the Chihuahua bride, or Belinda, who needed an outfit to match her parrot?!
We are lucky to have such a unique mix of clients and hopefully the show portrayed us as real, down to earth people who genuinely want to help women look their absolute best. I think our passion for the job was evident.
Lots of women are daunted by the idea of going to a ‘posh’ boutique which is one of the reasons I agreed to do the show. They will often say to me; “I’d love to wear that if only I was younger/slimmer/taller/more confident.”
Experienced designers know how to dress ANY body shape and there should be no snobbery about who can and can’t shop in boutiques like mine. I honestly believe that anyone can look incredible given a bit of help from the experts.
I am very aware that not everyone can afford designer clothes, but cost aside, my collections are accessible to all women, irrespective of age, shape or size. Each dress is a labour of love and the amount of skill and time that goes into making them is reflected in both the quality and the price.
Lots of you are asking whether there will be another series of The Posh Frock Shop and the honest answer is that we really hope so. The production company has announced that they are now planning the next series so it looks promising. We will let you know when there is any update.
You can imagine how nerve-wracking it was to open ourselves up to criticism, so I want to say a big thank you to each and every person who has been in touch to say how much they enjoyed watching us. I have been so touched by all the supportive messages and words of encouragement. I’ve even had gifts in the post, such as the adorable hand-knitted scarf I’m wearing in the photo. I never expected viewers to be so thoughtful and generous.
Thank you once again for all the love and loyalty shown to me and my team. Hope to see many of you at The Blewcoat sometime soon. You will always get a very warm welcome.
One of the most memorable and touching moments of The Posh Frock Shop was when Army Captain Hannah saw herself in a wedding dress for the first time.
As a transgender woman, Hannah has been through a different journey from most brides-to-be and many viewers of the Channel 4 show were moved to tears by her honesty and optimism:
“I’m going to marry the man I love, looking like the woman I am. And I can’t wait,” she said on episode 4 of the show.
Hannah knew she wanted a figure-hugging dress and something to accentuate her waist. “I definitely didn’t want anything A line because my figure is straight up and down and I needed something to give me curves,” she explains.
‘Neptune’ from Ian’s ‘Runway Rebel’ bridal collection was the first dress Hannah tried on when she visited The Blewcoat just six weeks before her wedding to fiancé, Jake.
The classic, strapless gown made her look curvy, elegant and feminine which is exactly the look she wanted to achieve. Hannah was clearly overwhelmed when she first saw herself in the mirror and was surprised by how beautiful she felt in the dress.
“It was an emotional moment because there was a time in my life when I thought I could never be loved. Any woman can relate to the dream of finding love and having the fairytale wedding, transgender or not,” she says.
Although Ian encouraged her to try on some of his other designs by way of comparison, it was ‘Neptune’ that Hannah came back to because it felt right and gave her butterflies in her stomach. Ian encouraged her to go with that gut feeling.
“Hannah is beautiful and her story touched us in a way that is difficult to describe. I’m honoured that she chose one of my designs for her big day. I wish her and Jake all the luck in the world,” says Ian.
Hannah describes her experience at The Blewcoat as “amazing”, although admits to being nervous about entering such a stereotypically feminine space. She feels more comfortable buying clothes online.
Store manager Carrelyn was able to reassure Hannah that it is normal for women to feel that mix of nerves and excitement as they try on wedding dresses for the first time. For Hannah, the emotions were heightened and magnified given what she has been through to feel entirely comfortable with who she is:
“I have always been a woman, I just had to do something to align my body with that,” she says.
Lots of women have body hang ups and Hannah is no different; she was very open about what she describes as the ‘emotional baggage’ that comes with being transgender.
Reflecting on the dress fitting, Carrelyn says: “Hannah is a confident and articulate woman, yet she has this vulnerability. I felt a real warmth towards her and was privileged to share such a special moment with her.”
31 year-old Hannah was assigned as a male at birth and only transitioned five years ago. She became active within the LBGT community which is how she met Jake, who is also transgender.
As early as the first date, Hannah knew that she had found someone she had a future with. “He impressed me straightaway and is all the things you want in a partner,” she says. “I never thought love and marriage was on the cards for me. I had genuinely prepared myself for being alone.”
As Jake and Hannah are both high profile advocates for LBGT rights, the couple’s March wedding received a lot of press coverage. They opted for a small, intimate ceremony at Chelsea Town hall, followed by a reception at an Italian restaurant.
They now share married quarters at Sandhurst, where Hannah is based, with Jake living part of the week in London due to his work commitments. They look forward to their big next adventure which is to have a family.
Jake and Hannah’s wedding photography is by Paul Grace.
Not long now until the wedding of the year and I for one, cannot wait to see that dress! Whatever Meghan wears, it’s safe to say that it will be seared in our collective memories and will become an icon of its age. Who can forget Diana’s puffy sleeves that so perfectly capture the essence of 80s style?
A wedding dress is symbolic of an individual’s sense of self, which is why it’s so important to work with a designer who understands who you are and what you are about. You might have your heart set on a dress you’ve seen in a magazine, but it takes someone with years of experience to really know how to make the best of a woman’s figure.
That dress you are yearning for is not always the one that flatters you most, so my advice is to opt for a designer that you identify with and trust completely. My clients know that I am 100% committed to making them look and feel fabulous, not least because how they look is a reflection of me as a designer.
Ms Markle is a force to be reckoned with and a breath of fresh air for the Royals. I hope to see her in something a little bit edgy to reflect a new era of British royalty. Rumour has it that she may even wear two dresses on the big day. This would give her scope to keep the traditionalists happy with something demure and romantic for the ceremony, followed with a sexier, more revealing number for the evening, just to make clear her intention to be a thoroughly modern member of the Royal clan.
I’m a firm believer that brides should not feel restricted to wearing ivory or white, but I think perhaps one of my statement black gowns would be a step too far for a royal wedding, even for a modernist like Meghan. She is said to be a fan of the whimsical, romantic look so she would appreciate my current bridal collection, ‘Le Jardin’ which is all butterflies and meadow flowers with dreamy, romantic veils. The royals love a tiara so I’m willing to bet Meghan will be wearing one, in true princess style.
I hate to bring it up, but we have Meghan’s first wedding to go on, which gives us a clue to her sense of occasion. As this was a beach wedding in Jamaica (a far cry from St George’s Chapel), she chose a simple, strapless gown – a paired down look, perfect for a non-traditional ceremony.
I’m known for customising and accessorising my designs to make them unique to each bride and Meghan’s first wedding dress is a classic example of how a dress can be elevated with something as simple as a sparkly belt. I love her jewel encrusted version which made the dress that extra bit special (even if the husband didn’t turn out to be Prince Charming after all!)
Come May 19th, the eyes of the world will be on Meghan and I’m sure she is really feeling the pressure to get her look just right. The power of a dress means that we will be talking about it for years to come.
I relate to Harry with his cheeky sense of fun and down to earth approach. He seems completely enthralled with his sassy bride-to-be so I wish them lots of love, luck and laughter.
Enjoy the celebrations,